Active Voice and Passive Voice Present Indefinite Tense

नमस्कार दोस्तों, आज की इस लेख में आप सभी का स्वागत है। इस लेख में आप सभी Active Voice and Passive Voice Present Indefinite Tense के बारे में जानेंगे। आइये शुरुआत करते है इस लेख की।

Active Voice and Passive Voice Present Indefinite Tense:

आप सभी ने अभी तक Present Indefinite tense के बारे में पढ़ लिया होगा। अगर आप सभी ने उस tense को नहीं पढ़ा है तो मैं आपको सुझाव दूंगा की आप सबसे पहले उस tense को पढ़े और समझे। present indefinite tense को पढने के बाद इस tense को पढ़े।

Active Voice and Passive Voice Present Indefinite Tense
Active Voice and Passive Voice Present Indefinite Tense

Active Voice and Passive Voice Present Indefinite Tense Rules:

  1. ऐसे वाक्य जिनमे transitive verb होता है। सिर्फ ऐसे वाक्यों को active से passive में बदला जा सकता है।
  2. जब किसी वाक्य को Active से passive में बदला जाता है तो active voice के object को Passive voice में Subject बना लिया जाता है और तब हम subjective या nominative case लिखा जाता है। यदि active voice का object Pronoun हो तो:
  3. Active से Passive में बदलते समय Active voice का subject, passive voice में object बन जाता है। और तब हम उसका Objective Case लिखते है। यदि वह pronoun हो तो:
  4. यदि Active से Passive में बदलते समय टेंस के अनुसार सहायक क्रिया का प्रयोग किया जाता है उसके पश्चात दी गई मुख्य क्रिया का तीसरा रूप देखते हैं उसके बाद Preposition “by” का प्रयोग करते हैं।

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Structure:

Active Voice: Subject + Main Verb + Object + Other Words.
Passive Voice: Object (Nominative / Objective Case) + helping verb + Main verb 3rd form + by + sub (objective Case) 

Example: Active voice: Ram calls him.
Passive voice: He is called by Ram.

कभी-कभी वाक्यों में 2 Objects एक साथ दिए होते है, तो उन्हें passive voice में बदलते समय दोनों Objectsसे किसी एक को Subject बना देते है और दुसरे object को उसके पुर्वरत स्थान पर रहने देते है|

Example: A.V: They called him today.
P.V. : He was called by them today.

Active voice: Ram gives him a book.
passive voice: He is given a book by Ram or,
A book is given him by Ram.

Active Voice and Passive Voice Present Indefinite Tense (Affirmative Sentence)

Active Voice: Subject + verbIst + s / es + object. 
Passive Voice: Object + is /am/ are + main verb 3rd form + by + subject.

Some Examples:
Active: He kills a snake.
Passive: A snake is killed by him.

Active: They abuse me.
Passive: I am abused by them.

Active: I write a letter for my brother.
Passive: A letter is written for my brother by me.

Active: I read a novel.
Passive: A novel is read by me.

Active: My father loves me.
Passive: I am loved by my father.

Active: The cow eats grass.
Passive: Grass is eaten by cow.

Active: I complete my work.
Passive: My work is completed by me.

Active: They create a video.
Passive: A video is created by them

Active: My wife cooks food.
Passive: food is created by me.

Active: My brother beats me.
Passive: I am beaten by my brother.

Active: Woodcutter cuts tree.
Passive: Tree is cut by Woodcutter.

Active Voice and Passive Voice Present Indefinite Tense Negative Sentence

Active: subject + do / does + not + vIst form + object + other words.
Passive: Object + is / am / are + not + V3rd form + other words + by + subject. 

Some Examples:
Active: I do not love you.
Passive: You are not loved by me.

Active:We do not write a letter.
Passive: A letter is not written by us.

Active: We do not cut green trees.
Passive: Green trees are not cut by us.

Active: He does not beat me.
Passive: I am not beaten by him.

Active: We do not sell our clothes.
Passive: Our clothes are not sold by us.

Active: She do not give me a book.
Passive: A book is not given to me by her.

Active: They do not kill snakes.
Passive: Snakes are not killed by them.

Active: That seller does not sell apples.
Passive: Apples are not sold by that seller.

Active: This boy does not give abuse.
Passive: Abuse are not given by this boy.

Active: They do not give me pen.
Passive: Pen is not given to me by them.

Active: I do not complete my work.
Passive: My work is not completed by me.

Active: They do not delete this audio.
Passive: This audio is not deleted by them.

Active Voice and Passive Voice Present Indefinite Tense Interrogative Sentence (first Type)

Active: Do / Does + subject  + vIst form + object + other words + ?
Passive: Is / Am / Are + Object  + V3rd form + other words + by + subject + ?

Some Examples:
Active: Do you clean your room?
Passive: Is your room cleaned by you?

Active: Does he sing a song?
Passive: Is a song sung by him?

Active: Do they pluck a flower?
Passive: Is a flower plucked by them?

Active: Do you buy a watch?
Passive: Is a watch bought by you?

Active: Do I write a letter?
Passive: Is a letter written by me?

Active: Does she give me medicine?
Passive: Is medicine give me by her.

Active Voice and Passive Voice Present Indefinite Tense Interrogative Sentence (Second Type)

Active: Question word + do / does + subject  + vIst form + object + other words + ?
Passive: Question word + is / am / are + object  + V3rd form + other words + by + subject + ? 

Some Examples:
Active: Why do you write a letter?
Passive: Why is a letter written by you?

Active: When does she call me?
Passive: When am I called by her?

Active: Why do they beat him?
Passive: Why is he beaten by them?

Active: What do I feed cow?
Passive: What is cow feeded by me?

Active: When do they kill you?
Passive: When are you killed by them?

Active Voice and Passive Voice Present Indefinite Tense Interrogative Negative Sentence (First Structure)

Active: Do / Does + subject  + not + vIst form + object + other words + ?
Passive: Is / Am / Are + object  + not + V3rd form + other words + by + subject + ?

Some Examples:
Active: Do they not pluck the flower?
Passive: Is the flower not plucked by them?

Active: Does she not clean my room?
Passive: Is my room not cleaned by her?

Active: Do we not sell tea to the customer?
Passive: Is tea not sold to the customer by us?

Active: Do we not clean my room?
Passive: Is my room not cleaned by us?

Active: Does he not watch the T.V. ?
Passive: Is t.v. not watched by him?

Active Voice and Passive Voice Present Indefinite Tense Interrogative Negative Sentence (Second Structure)

Active: Question Word +  do / does + subject + not + vIst form + object + other words + ?
Passive: Question Word +  is / am / are + object + not + V3rd form + other words + by + subject + ?

Some Examples:
Active: Why does he not teach english?
Passive: Why is english not taught by him?

Active: How does she not save bird?
Passive: How is bird not saved by her?

Active: Why does he not play cricket?
Passive: Why is cricket not played by him?

Active: Why does she not give me a ticket?
Passive: Why is ticket not given to me by her?

Active: Why do I not wash my cloth?
Passive: Why is my cloth not washed by me?

इस लेख के बारे में:

उम्मीद करता हूँ की आपको यह दी गयी जानकरी लेख (Active Voice and Passive Voice Present Indefinite Tense) के माध्यम से पसंद आई होगी | अगर इस लेख से जुड़े आपके कोई सवाल या सुझाव हो तो आप हमे कमेंट कर सकते है| अगर आपका कोई सवाल इंग्लिश से हो तो आप हमे अपना प्रश्न Comment करके पूछ सकते है| ऐसे ही लेख और जानकारियाँ प्राप्त करने के लिए आप हमारे ब्लॉग को प्रतिदिन visit कर सकते है या नए पोस्ट की जानकारी प्राप्त करने के लिए आप हमारे ब्लॉग को suscribe भी कर सकते है |धन्यवाद

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