Countable and Uncountable Nouns English Grammar

Hello friends In this article, I shared all theories and examples about countable and Uncountable nouns. One way to classify nouns is according to whether they can be counted or not. Many English mistakes are related to this point. By reading through this page, you will understand:

Countable Noun:- A countable noun is the name of anything that can be counted.

Example:- boy-girl, man, woman, room, house, school, cow, and horse, etc.
We can say there are two-three or four of them, such as two boys, three girls, four houses, or five cows As we can count them, we call them Countable Nouns or directly Countable.
The names of things that can be counted as separate objects are called Countable Nouns or Countable.
गणनीय संज्ञा:-वे संज्ञा जिन्हें गिना जा सकता है, उन्हें गणनीय संज्ञा कहते हैं।
उदाहरण:-किताब, बिल्ली, उंगली, पक्षी इत्यादि।
  • ऊपर दिए गए उदाहरण से हम कह सकते हैं कि जितने भी उदाहरण हैं उन्हें गिन सकते हैं। जैसे कि: 2 लड़के, 3 लड़कियाँ, 4 घर और 5 गाये जैसा कि इन सभी को गिन सकते हैं इसलिए हम इन्हें गणनीय संज्ञा कहते हैं

Uncountable noun

Uncountable Noun:- An uncountable noun is the name of something that cannot be counted.

Example:-  rice, water, air, milk, gold, wood, sugar, etc. 

  • We cannot say there are two, three, or four of them. We cannot mean two kinds of rice, three glasses of water, or four sugars. As we cannot count them, we call them  Uncountable Nouns or only Uncountable. The names of things that cannot be counted as separate objects are called Uncountable Nouns or Uncountable. 
अगणनीय संज्ञा: ऐसे संज्ञा जिन्हें हम गिन नहीं सकते, उन्हें अगणनीय संज्ञा कहते हैं।
उदाहरण: पानी, दूध, तेल, चीनी, इत्यादि।
  • ऊपर दिए गए उदाहरण को हम 2, 3, 4 नहीं कह सकते, हम दो चावल, तीन पानी और 4चीनी नहीं कह सकते। इन्हें गिना नहीं जा सकता इसलिए हम इन्हें अगणनीय संज्ञा कहते हैं।

Countable & Uncountable Noun Rules:-

1. Common Nouns and most of the Collective Nouns are Countable Nouns. 
Example:
Sr.     Common N.       Collective N.     
1.
 Boy
           Bunch
2. Girl             Class
3. Man             Crowd
5. Woman             Army
6 House             Library
2. General Names of materials or substances are Uncountable Nouns. Abstract Nouns are also Uncountable Nouns.
Example:
Sr.  Material N.      Abstract N.      
1. Cloth Beauty
2. Coffee Cruelty
3. Gold Honesty
4. Wood Truth
5. Paper Pleasure
3. Countable Nouns have two forms: Singular and Plural, whereas Uncountable Nouns have only one form, Singular.
गणनीय संज्ञा के दो रूप होते हैं: एकवचन और बहुवचन, जबकि अगणनीय संज्ञा के केवल एक वचन रूप होते हैं।


4. Countable Nouns have Singular and Plural forms:
Sr.    Singular             Plural           
1  House  Houses
2.  Day  Days
3.  Knife  Knives
4.  Book  Books
5.  Friend  Friends

Some few Nouns have the same Singular and Plural forms

Sr.       Singular                      Plural           
1.   Sheep   Sheep
2.   Deer   Deer
3.   Furniture   Furniture
4.   Grouse   Grouse
5.   Gymnastics   Gymnastics

Some other rules

5. Mostly we use (a or an) before Singular Countable Nouns:
प्राय: हम गणनीय संज्ञा के पहले a या an का प्रयोग करते हैं|
Example
(i) A horse is an animal that can run fast.
(ii) An orange is sweet, but a lemon is sour. Both

Countable and Uncountable Nouns can take the.
गणनीयऔर अगणनीय संज्ञा में दोनों में ही द का प्रयोग किया जा सकता है।
Example:
(i)I know the man who has stolen the dog. (before a Countable Noun)
(ii)The paper of this book is of good quality. (before an Uncountable Noun)
9. Uncountable Nouns are always Singular and take a Singular Verb.
अगणनीय संज्ञा हमेशा एकवचन होते हैं और एकवचन क्रिया का प्रयोग करते हैं
Example: 
(i)Music was coming through the windows of the house.
(ii) Knowledge is the goal of education.
(iii) A lot of money has been wasted.
10. Uncountable Nouns cannot be counted, so they cannot take a or an.
अगणनीय संज्ञा को गिना नहीं जा सकता है इसीलिए ए और एन का प्रयोग नहीं किया जाता है
Example: 
(i)Health is wealth.
(ii)Laughter was heard upstairs.
11. Though Uncountable Nouns cannot take a or an, they may be preceded by phrases of quantity such as a drop of water or paper sheet. If we want to denote a higher amount of uncountable things, we can use the Plural form of words like drop and layer that appear in the phrases of quantity:
Example:
(i)A few drops of water fell on my head.
(ii)Everyone had two sheets of paper to draw on.
12. Some special words: Some words which are considered Countable Nouns in other languages are Uncountable Nouns in English. 
कुछ शब्दों को अन्य भाषाओं में गणनीय संज्ञा के रूप में माना जाता है लेकिन इंग्लिश में उसे अगणनीय संज्ञा माना जाता है।

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